Wool from Giecz


The raw material was not specified, but the warp (O) and weft (W) fibers – compared to other analyzes – belong to a coarser grade (0.039 [O] and 0.042 mm [W]), which guaranteed obtaining a “stronger” yarn (Maik 1988 , pp. 110-115). The yarn was twisted to the right using a spindle loaded with a spindle whorl in both thread systems (ZZ). The bag was woven from thick yarn ([O] – 0.720 and [W] – 0.837 mm), in a 1/1 plain weave, but it was the worst product in terms of quality (grade IV). Applying the findings of J. Maik (1988), let us classify this fragment as a type i fabric, which is rather an example of a secondary product, certified, among others, by: in Pomerania, Greater Poland and Silesia (Maik 1988, pp. 62-65, 129, fig. 80: 1991, p. 77, fig. 100; 2002, chart 1, 2; Sikorski, Wrzesiński, Wrzesiński 1998, p. 88).

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